Andromachi Papanikolaou Facts
Andromahi Mavrogeni Facts
If you are interested in the history of the pap test, read up on Andromahi Mavrogeni.
- She was the wife of Greek pathologist Georgios Papanikolaou.
- She invented the pap test.
- Andromachi Mavrogeni’s name was derived from her Greek name, Mary Mavrogeni.
- During his life, Georgios Papanikolaou was a pioneer in medicine.
- He developed a Pap smear procedure. This technique opened up a new field of study known as cytopathology.
- Andromahi Mavrogeni and her husband immigrated to the United States and worked at Cornell University, and they studied cancers of the female reproductive system.
- Andromahi Mavrogeni was born in 1883.
- His parents were doctors and studied humanities before studying medicine.
- He earned his medical degree in 1904 and a Ph.D. in 1911 from Munich.
- Then, he joined the Oceanographic Exploration Team of the Prince of Monaco. During the early 1900s, Andromahi Mavrogeni worked as a seamstress for $5 a week.
- The Greek physician Georgios Nikolaou Papanicolaou was born in Kymi and studied medicine at Cornell University.
- He then used the same technique on a friend of his.
- The breakthrough occurred when one of his friends was diagnosed with cervical cancer.
- He was able to detect cancer using a Pap smear under a microscope.
- This was a significant breakthrough in the history of the pap smear.
- He thus became known for his invention of the Papanicolaou test.
- Commonly known as the Pap smear or Pap test
- It is used worldwide for the detection and prevention of cervical cancer and other cytologic diseases of the female reproductive system.
- Papanicolaou was the recipient of the Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research in 1950
- In 1961, he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami.
- But died there on 19 February 1962
- In 1978, his work was honored by the U.S. Postal Service with a 13-cent stamp for early cancer detection.
- On 13 May 2019, the 136th anniversary of his birth, a Google Doodle featuring Papanikolaou was shown in North America, parts of South America, parts of Europe, and Israel.
- Between 1995-2001, Papanikolaou’s portrait appeared on the obverse of the Greek 10,000-drachma banknote.