Scope Of Technology In The Field Of Surgery

Surgery Advancements in the Medical Field

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Scope Of Technology In The Field Of Surgery

 

Utilizing technology during complex surgical procedures improves the precision and effectiveness of surgical procedures that could be unattainable without technological advances.

“Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic,” wrote the renowned science-fiction novelist as well as the futurist Arthur C Clarke. Technology is everywhere and has revolutionized many areas, from entertainment to education to healthcare. The most significant advances can be found in healthcare as it has resulted in the saving of countless lives, and all without pain. Utilizing technology during the complex surgical procedure raises the precision of surgery and efficiency of the system that would not have been possible without technological advances.

The latest technological advances in the surgical field

Surgery professionals have a lot of responsibility that could result in irreparable injury or even medical miracles by making just one cut on the patient’s body. Because of the rapid development of digital technology, surgical rooms and surgeons have been flooded with modern devices that reduce the number of cuts needed and make surgical procedures smooth sailing. Today, the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI), surgical robots, minimally-invasive surgical procedures, and perhaps Virtual Reality is discernible. These are the latest developments of the present era in the field of healthcare.

Preoperative plans to in-operative direction AI is rapidly altering the surgical process thanks to advances in imaging, navigation, and robotic intervention. With the help of specific AI surgical equipment, even the tiniest of movements can be performed with 100% precision. Another significant advancement in the field of health care is the use of minimally invasive procedures. Since the very beginning of the Laparoscopic Appendicectomy was performed way back in 1983, the minimally invasive techniques have experienced a significant technological improvement that has addressed the issues that have been a problem – restricted field of view as well as the limited mobility of the equipment, and the inability to do the proper depth estimation. High-resolution cameras have allowed surgeons to view the surgical areas accurately and perform the surgery using only a few. Still, precise incisions giving the patient less pain and healing faster.

Today, only 3 percent of surgeries are carried out with robots, whereas 15% of surgeries utilized robotic assistance or support during the U.S. in 2020. There’s much to be done.

Then there are surgical robots in operating theatres as the main reason for limiting minimally invasive procedures. These machines are the apex of surgical procedures. The most commonly used surgeon’s robot is called known as the Da Vinci surgical system. In India, there are about 75 robotic facilities, with more than 500 surgeons who are trained. With the Da Vinci system in healthcare, surgeons can carry out the surgery using only a few precise cuts, and the surgeon has 100 per 100% control over the robot throughout the entire time. The primary function of a surgical robot is to aid surgeons in tasks like the cutting and retracting of tissues.

The increasing scope of technology

The mentioned techniques are standard throughout these areas of the Indian medical system. However, with time, researchers and innovators are climbing new heights, making it nearly impossible. In the case of surgical robots, there’s an opportunity for autonomous surgical robots that can make a significant difference in healthcare in the Indian health system. Additionally, surgeons have also begun employing Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) cameras. VR is a great way to enhance the learning and teaching experience to a new level. With the aid of VR, surgeons can stream operations, which allows medical students to experience the OR via VR glasses. Alongside VR technology, techniques like 3D printing, which aids in planning complicated and risky operations, is the order urgently needed and is a great way to be a key player in healthcare.

The essence of making a successful surgical procedure involves skill, art, and accuracy. These can all be supported and enhanced by the most modern technology. Computer-assisted surgeries became an innovation in surgical joint replacement in the latter part of 1990. The first generation of computer-assisted devices that allowed for the more precise and precise surgical procedures were bulky, heavy, and time-consuming to utilize. Technology has advanced into user-friendly, efficient platforms that cover a range of elements of joint surgery, such as the planning of surgery before surgery as well as coronal and sagittal plane alignment and component rotation, the measurement of the balance of soft tissue, and custom-made gigs as well as robotic surgery to achieve an exact prosthetic fitting. These sophisticated computers and advanced technology have a significant role to play in helping enhance precision and accuracy during surgery.

Surgery Advancements in the Medical Field

Here are a few of the most significant advances in surgery in the last few years.

1-Telesurgery

Two significant technological developments have been dominating the news lately in the past: wireless connectivity and robotics. Telesurgery is a combination of both. Through telesurgery, surgeons can perform robotic surgical surgeries from any location around the globe using wireless networks.

Additionally, surgeons do not have to be present physically to carry out procedures. Instead, they can stay at their local hospital and carry out operations across the world. Patients no longer have to visit medical professionals to receive the medical care they require.

Telesurgery is becoming increasingly popular during the COVID-19 outbreak. A global report by the Journal of Robotic Surgery shows that COVID-related security measures will have to be in place shortly.

In the U.S., these measures include:

The increased use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
More frequent and frequent disinfection and sanitation practices
Delaying less essential surgeries
Triaging algorithms are used to identify which patients need medical assistance.
The most important of these methods is the use of telesurgery. By using wireless technology, surgeons can perform surgeries on patients from the safety of a distance, thus reducing the chance that infection could be a concern for the doctor and the patient. Telesurgery is the ideal method to perform non-urgent procedures in a distant social COVID-19 world.

2-Robotic surgery

Have you ever been told “I’m only human” after someone has made a mistake? Humans aren’t perfect; however, there is no room for errors in the field of surgery. Today, surgeons are relying on robots for assistance with surgery.

Robotic surgery can’t be performed by human beings. Instead, robots improve precision as well as control when performing precise procedures.

The arms of a surgical robot are diverse. One arm is equipped with an eyepiece, through which surgeons can view the work they’re doing, and other arms are surgical instruments. The surgeon can control the robot with an electronic computer situated close to the operating table.

The higher precision of surgical robots can result in a more straightforward and less invasive procedure and comes with numerous advantages, including:

Shorter hospital stays
Smaller incisions
Smaller scars
More rapid recovery times
Lower risk of complications
The risk of infection is reduced.
Less pain
Reduced loss of blood

3-Video-Enabled Surgical Headlights

Visibility for surgeons is crucial. Blood absorbs a lot of light, and therefore operating requires a focused light at the site of surgery. In most cases, the surgeon conducting the procedure isn’t always the only one who needs to know what’s happening.

Modern surgical headlights do not just feature highly bright LED lights. They also come with high-resolution cameras. These cameras precisely record what the surgeon sees, allowing others to view the surgery from the most optimal possible angle.

During the process, the video feed allows remote consultants:

Offer accurate, real-time guidance to the surgeon who is conducting the procedure from anywhere in the world.
Allows the surgeon’s team to have a more detailed look at what’s going on for more cohesion during the operation room.
Following the procedure, they can be saved for later auditing and for training. Because of the explicit video, there is no confusion in audits, and medical students can learn from watching operations from the surgeon’s viewpoint.

As time passes, technologically enhanced surgical tools will soon become the norm, even more so than they are. Doctors who want to stay up-to-date can become acquainted with these tools and look at how wired mobile or camera-integrated headlights can enhance their procedures and enable them to provide better outcomes for their patients.

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4- Multi-Angle Rear-Viewing Endoscopic Tool (MARVEL)

In past times, the endoscopic instruments provide surgeons with an angle-of-view of the work they’re doing. After six-year cooperation with NASA and Skull Base Institute, the MARVEL offers surgeons a wide-ranging view during surgeries.

It’s a cutting-edge camera system that lets surgeons capture 3D images and create a virtual world inside the body to aid in surgery. It was initially designed to assist brain surgery, but it is now used for various surgical procedures.

The advantages of this camera are:

It’s a small size (under four millimeters wide)
It has an edge that rotates to a remarkable 160-degrees.
After the surgeon has inserted the camera, he/they will be able to see tumors and obstructions in 3D to better understand what they’re working on.
The more miniature camera requires one tiny cut to perform minimally surgically invasive procedures.
Utilizing this tool, surgeons can carry out procedures more precisely, leading to higher rates of success.

5-3D Printing

3D printing is fast transforming the field of healthcare.

The most exciting possibility that can be realized by 3D printing is its ability to create living organs and tissue to transplant. There are numerous instances where medical professionals have printed functional human organs like lungs and heart. This may eliminate the need for organ donors and guarantee that everyone needing an organ will access it.

Surgeons also use 3D printing to perform complex and novel techniques. By using 3D printing, surgeons can:

Print detailed, realistic models of the entire body such as abdomens and heads to learn a specific procedure in a safe setting and improve their surgical skills.
Find out if there are any potential problems before the procedure is completed to increase confidence and decrease the chance of a mishap.
Examine various surgical techniques to determine which one will be most effective for your particular circumstance.

6- Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is among the most popular technological advancements today.

It lets search engines:

You can predict what you’d like to be aware of
Improves the efficiency of logistics for transport companies
Fly commercial aircraft using computer algorithms that automate a lot of decisions that are typically made by pilots.
It was just a matter of time until medical professionals began using AI during Surgery. Medical experts are integrating AI into surgical machines to collect information and offer data-driven insight into surgical procedures.

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There have been tremendous results in using AI to identify stem cell locations in the heart, eye, and brain, increase growth, and identify the best areas for anti-cancer treatments. Although AI can’t perform independently and make decisions for medical professionals, it provides surgeons with the vital information they require to carry out procedures to maximize surgical outcomes.

There is enormous scope for technological advancements in the area of surgery. Each year, researchers are coming with new ideas that are helping surgeons seamlessly save the lives of patients. Additionally, technological advances and advancements aren’t a substitute for the surgeon; but instead, technology and the surgeon helps make the noble task of saving lives easier and effortless.

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